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Moc igre u psihoterapijskom radu sa djecom (The Power of Play in Chemotherapeutic Work with Children)

TitleMoc igre u psihoterapijskom radu sa djecom (The Power of Play in Chemotherapeutic Work with Children)
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsTahirovic, S
Conference Name VI Međunarodnu naučno-stručnu konferenciju „ Unapređenje kvalitete života djece i mladih“ Ohrid, Makedonija,
Date Published19.-21. juna 201
Abstract

Developmental psychologists define the play as a pleasant activity that is based on voluntary participation, intrinsically motivated and has some elements from the real world. Using creativity and imagination, children can transform objects as well as people from the real world into the something that they need in the world of play (Cook, 2009). Developmental theories assume that the play  is instinctive, innated activities;  play has an important role in the overall psychological life of the child.

Play in therapy is a technique that is used by educated adults, in a specially prepared room and with the aim to help a child to express thoughts, emotions or certain behaviors. The play gives the child the opportunity to present their problems even if they are not aware of it or when they do not dare to express them. Play therapy is a form of counseling that is used in pstchotherapy. Play is used as communication tool in work with children in the prevention as well as in resolving psychological difficulties. The aim is to help children in better social integration, growth and development.

Critics in the application of this method are focused on the question of empirical evidence for the effectiveness of this therapy. Meta-analyzes has shown good results in the application of non-directive play therapy. A meta-analysis conducted by LeBlanc and Ritchie (2001), have established the effectiveness of the play of 0.66 for non-directive play therapy. This finding confirms the previous research findings on the effectiveness of the game in the ratio of 0.71, set by the Casey and Berman (1985). US Public Health Service (2000) published the results of a meta- analysis of 93 studies, which determine the general effect of play therapy with a 0.80 standard deviation.