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A numerical approach for tracking unknown number of individual targets in videos

TitleA numerical approach for tracking unknown number of individual targets in videos
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsSharif, MH
JournalDigital Signal Processing
Start Page106–127
Date Published14 July 2016
Type of ArticleFull Length Research Paper
KeywordsBig O notation, Brute-force search, Hungarian method, Kalman filter, Tracking, Videos

Suppose that we wish to get a comprehensive match of a target in the next frame. Where would we search the target in the next frame? Brute-force search has an asymptotic runtime of O(n!) with problem size n  . Yet we can search the target only from a number of automatically generated specific regions, named candidate regions, in the next frame. But how can we get those regions? Deeming the silhouettes of movers, this paper denotes a detailed deliberation of how to generate those candidate regions automatically and then how to track unknown number of individual targets with them. Phase-correlation technique aids to find the key befitting matches of the targets using them. Hungarian method in combination with a state estimation process called Kalman filter finds the best correspondence of the targets among those matches, allowing us to construct full trajectories of unknown number of individual targets in 3D space irresistibly swift as compared to brute-force search since the relative runtime reduced from O(n!) to O(n3). Favorable outcomes, upon conducting experiments on videos from three different datasets, show the robustness and effectiveness of our approach.